The Mount Nemrut is supposed to be one the highest mountains of the Mesopotamia area, it has the tomb of King Antiochus I of Commagene. Once you see the massive statues of gods, each weighing about 6 tons and 10 metres tall, you will come to a conclusion that people worked really hard on the construction of the tomb. Mostly boulders were used as the main material and they were carried up the mountain from the valley below, and similarly the crushed rock pieces used to pile over the main tomb chamber in order to create a 50 -metre high cone with 150-metre diameter base were carried the same way. This creative planning has proven to be sufficient enough to prevent grave robbers from getting to the inner sanctum. The chamber of the tomb hasn’t been accessed yet and the treasures inside are awaiting to discovered. The statues of gods and the sanctuary formed along the three aspects of the tumulus are considered to be unique pieces and it was inscribed in the UNESCO List of World Heritage.
Meeting point of Eastern and Western Civilisations: Heritage of Commagene Kingdom
The Commagene Kingdom reigned the region for about two centuries between 109 BC and 72 AD.It was definitely a great civilisation mixing Macedonian and Persian culture and beliefs.It also tells us the fact that that Mithridates I Callinicus, the founder of the kingdom had ancestral lineage deriving from both Darius the Great of Achaemenid Empire and Alexander the Great of the Kingdom of Macedon, and that relationship had a bearing on this unifying pprocess. The most powerful kingdom of region was the Commagene for some time. The burial place of female members of Commagene royal family, which is known as the Giant Eagle Royal (Karakus) Tumulus, is adorned with four tall pedestals – today only one of them stand erect with an eagle sculpture on top; the Necropolis of Perre, which was situated in one of the largest settlements (near Pirin Village) where the mosaics on the floor were unsurfaced; Arsameia (Eskikale), one of the temene of the Kingdom where once the palaces were standing, are the other sites to visit for those who wish to learn about that civilisation more closely.
Those who are interested in history of cultures would also find artefacts and structures from other civilisations that survived on this land which cradled various civilisations for thousands of years. One of the oldest Roman bridges in Anatolia is the Severan Bridge (Cendere Köprüsü) from the 1st century AD, which was built by the Commagene Kingdom. The other is the New Castle in Old Kahta, which was believed to be founded in 2nd century BC but extensively rebuilt during the Mamluk Sultane domination of the region.
A Magnificent Sunrise
One of the important reasons of paying a visit to Mount Nemrut is enjoying the sunrise from the summit. King Antiochus, revering his ancestors in Western and Eastern civilisations, erected giant statues of gods on the East and West terraces and cited their names both in Persian and Greek. So you will enjoy watching the unique sunrise together with the statues of gods who have been standing and witnessing it for thousands of years.
How to Go to The Mount Nemrut
The Mount Nemrut Tumulus is in the province of Kahta that is about 86 km east of Adıyaman city. There are scheduled flights to Adiyaman Airport from Istanbul and Ankara. Mount Nemrut can best be seen between the months of April and October.
We, as Magic Map Travel, definitely recommend you to see this magnificent place. If you come up with any questions, please never hesitate to contact us.