Three important early church fathers, Saint Basil the Great, Saint Gregory of Nyssa, who was Basil’s younger brother, and Saint Gregory of Nazianzus, Basil’s close friend who were born in present-day Turkey in the fourth century.They studied together in Athens, then each of them was ordained a bishop in the end.Gregory of Nazianzus became Patriarch of Constantinople. Having finished their studies, they came to Anatolia to teach and help those who need help.These three men of God were against the idea of Arianism and they were taking a stand against it. The idea of Arianism, which was against the idea of the divinity of Christ became their number one enemy and they did their best to silence the one who inititated the idea. It took them several years and eventually the guy was found guilty and he was exiled to a desert. Morever, they played important roles in writing the Nicene Creed and defining the doctrine of the Trinity during a time of crisis and uncertainty in the life of the church.
Although Basil, Gregory of Nyssa and Gregory of Nazianzus were very close to one another and joined in their faith, their personalities were totally different. Basil was a man of action, Gregory of Nyssa was a great orator, and Gregory of Nazianzus was a great thinker and theologian and is sometimes called Gregory the Theologian.
Today they are known as the Cappadocian Fathers or famous sons of Cappadocia. People and the church in the East and West all over the world respect them. They are honored, respected and loved. They might be three different personalities but still they are united to serve the same purpose.